Find A Doctor Common Conditions Recipes Forums Magazine

Home > Common Conditions > Type 2 Diabetes
Featured Providers

Type 2 Diabetes

Also known as: Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
   

Type 2 DiabetesType 2 Diabetes
© ADRIAN825 | DREAMSTIME.COM

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition and the most common type of diabetes that affects the way your body processes insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreas that your body needs to help glucose get from your blood into your body’s cells to produce energy. Glucose is sugar that your body gets from the food you eat.

If you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas makes insulin, but the cells in your body are unable to absorb it properly, which causes the pancreas to produce more insulin. Eventually, the ability of your pancreas to produce insulin decreases. Because of that, your body cells do not get enough glucose and consequently, do not receive a sufficient amount of energy required for proper functioning.

Type 2 diabetes was formerly referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes because the disease was mostly diagnosed in adults and the patients usually did not need insulin injections to manage their condition. These definitions are now considered inaccurate because doctors have commonly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in children and insulin is often required to manage the disease.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are similar to those of type 1 diabetes, but they develop rather slowly and they are often mild enough to be easily disregarded for years. The symptoms include excessive hunger and thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, blurred vision, dry mouth, itchy skin, slow healing wounds, unexplained weight loss, numbness in your hands or feet, frequent infections, and dark rash around your armpits and neck.

The exact reason why human body stops processing insulin normally and becomes insulin resistant is unknown, but genes and certain risk factors may contribute to developing type 2 diabetes. Those risk factors include having little or no physical activity, being overweight or obese, having a history of heart disease or stroke, having high blood pressure, being 45 years of age or older, having a high level of triglycerides or a low level of “good” (HDL) cholesterol, having polycystic ovary syndrome, and having a history of gestational diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, which means that the longer a person has it unattended, the higher the chance that the patient will be needing insulin over time to manage blood glucose level. That is why early diagnosis is very important. Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed by the following tests: Fasting blood sugar test that measures how much glucose is in your plasma and is taken after at least 8 hours of fasting; Random blood sugar (glucose) test; A1C (glycated hemoglobin) test that measures the average glucose level over the period of past 2-3 months; and Oral glucose tolerance test, which is most commonly used during pregnancy.

If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you need to take it under control to avoid complications because otherwise the disease can affect all organs of the body. Complications may include cardiovascular diseases, nerve damage, kidney damage, poor blood circulation to your feet, retinal damage, fungal or bacterial infections, and sleep apnea.

When it comes to management of type 2 diabetes, the ideal scenario is to prevent it from happening. Although you cannot do anything about your age or genetics, a diet that is low on sugar, refined carbohydrates, and fatty meats, as well as getting regular exercise and implementing proper weight management strategy, can help you keep your blood sugar level within the healthy limits and lower your chances of getting the disease.

People with type 2 diabetes should follow the guideline for type 2 diabetes prevention as well. They also have to closely monitor their blood sugar by checking it multiple times a day and take diabetes medications or insulin therapy if they are unable to maintain proper blood sugar level with just diet and exercise. Besides, type 2 diabetes patients have to daily check their feet for sores, cuts, blisters, and swelling, have regular eye checkups, and look after their skin. It is also beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes to stay informed about advancements in diabetes treatments by participating in diabetes education programs and work with their doctors, nutritionists, and pharmacists to come up with the most optimal treatment plan.

AS SEEN ON

AS SEEN ON

Do you have any questions about your diabetes condition or general questions about diabetes? You can now post those questions in DiabetesIQ Forum and have our diabetes experts answer your questions for FREE! Yes, there is absolutely no catch! - Registration only takes a few seconds and it's FREE. No credit card needed. You can ask any number of diabetes questions, all for FREE! Register today and join the conversation!

Find Best Doctors Near You
Latest In Forums
Latest In Forums
Topic Started By Posts Last Poster
Have high risk of diabetes, need advice
January 22, 2021 at 7:13 PM
dave
2
June 23, 2021 at 2:07 AM
ShimaRDN
Have high risk of diabetes, need advice
January 22, 2021 at 7:13 PM
dave
I have LADA. Any advice?
January 18, 2021 at 11:21 PM
freddie_57
1
January 18, 2021 at 11:21 PM
freddie_57
I have LADA. Any advice?
January 18, 2021 at 11:21 PM
freddie_57
Sugar numbers jump
January 16, 2021 at 8:11 PM
alexrod
1
January 16, 2021 at 8:11 PM
alexrod
Sugar numbers jump
January 16, 2021 at 8:11 PM
alexrod
High blood test results - what to do?
January 15, 2021 at 1:16 PM
mike22
1
January 15, 2021 at 1:16 PM
mike22
High blood test results - what to do?
January 15, 2021 at 1:16 PM
mike22
Why my sugar jumped so high?
January 14, 2021 at 8:03 AM
jack5
1
January 14, 2021 at 8:03 AM
jack5
Why my sugar jumped so high?
January 14, 2021 at 8:03 AM
jack5
How to push my sugar down?
January 14, 2021 at 5:28 PM
frankie_a
1
January 14, 2021 at 5:28 PM
frankie_a
How to push my sugar down?
January 14, 2021 at 5:28 PM
frankie_a
Explain my test results
January 13, 2021 at 7:51 AM
johnny11932
1
January 13, 2021 at 7:51 AM
johnny11932
Explain my test results
January 13, 2021 at 7:51 AM
johnny11932
What burning off insulin means?
January 13, 2021 at 4:14 PM
sammy_v
1
January 13, 2021 at 4:14 PM
sammy_v
What burning off insulin means?
January 13, 2021 at 4:14 PM
sammy_v
What's the experinece of using a pump?
January 13, 2021 at 11:51 PM
ali27
1
January 13, 2021 at 11:51 PM
ali27
What's the experinece of using a pump?
January 13, 2021 at 11:51 PM
ali27
When my blood sugar will start going down?
January 12, 2021 at 10:10 PM
a_lawrence
1
January 12, 2021 at 10:10 PM
a_lawrence
When my blood sugar will start going down?
January 12, 2021 at 10:10 PM
a_lawrence
Find Best Doctors Near You
Expert advice & latest treatment information!
Get FREE Diabetes Newsletter.
By subscribing to our newsletter, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Featured Diabetic-Friendly Recipes

Featured Diabetic-Friendly Recipes

Passion Fruit Cocktail

Passion Fruit Cocktail

Caprese Salad Skewers

Caprese Salad Skewers

Oven Dried Tomatoes

Oven Dried Tomatoes

Featured Articles

Featured Articles

What Low Blood Sugar Feels Like and What To Do About It

What Low Blood Sugar Feels Like and What To Do About It

Fire Icon 6,632
Tips for Choosing a Diabetes Doctor

Tips for Choosing a Diabetes Doctor

Fire Icon 3,547
Diabetes and Skin Problems. Why People with Diabetes Need To See Dermatologist

Diabetes and Skin Problems. Why People with Diabetes Need To See Dermatologist

Fire Icon 5,001

Featured Articles

Expert advice & latest treatment information!
Get FREE Diabetes Newsletter.
By subscribing to our newsletter, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.
Go To Top